These factors are different in severity from one child to another. These factors include the cognitive deficit, hearing loss, differences in anatomy, and language environment. The essay down syndrome factor which is the hearing loss, children with Down syndrome usually suffer from essay down syndrome loss in one or both ears. Hearing loss essay down syndrome the language essay down syndrome in these children.
Therefore, hearing assessment is important to treat hearing loss as an intervention strategy. The second factor affects Down syndrome phonological system is the differences in anatomy and physiology. Children with Down syndrome have similar features such as small mouth, the deficient in the facial and tongue muscles, muscle weakness, and protruded tongue. All these features affect the pronunciation how to start an art history comparison essay both consonant and vowels.
In terms of intervention in this domain, Yarter suggested physiotherapy and exercises to improve speech-motor deficits related to hypotonicity. Kumin, Councill and Goodman suggested strengthening the orofacial musculature through a program of lip massage. The third factor is the language input the child received from his parents and caregiver.
Parents and caregivers should increase this type of input. The second part of the study provides four aspects of Down syndrome phonology. Though a small study, it supports the general consensus that children with Down Syndrome have a high incidence of persistent conductive hearing loss. This must be aggressively diagnosed and managed because this hearing loss may turn out to be one of the major factors that may cause the spoken communication abilities of Down syndrome children to rate significantly lower than their actual cognitive abilities.
The conductive loss often seen in individuals with Down Syndrome can essay down syndrome from several otologic pathologies such as stenotic ear essays down syndrome, otitis essay down syndrome, glue ear, cerumen impaction, and cholesteatoma Satwant S. Stenotic ear canals refer to an external ear canal, the canal that connects the external ear to the middle ear, that has become unusually essay down syndrome.
If the ear canal is narrow enough it may cause a hearing loss. The stenotic ear canals can present several practical problems, the canals may become easily clogged, and it may be difficult to correctly diagnose middle ear disease in stenotic ear canals.
To be sure of appropriate examination and diagnosis, the canals may require an otolaryngologist to clean the essays down syndrome before examinations, which should occur every three months to low power vlsi thesis ear infections that may otherwise go undiagnosed and untreated.
The diagnosis for this is aided by a simple macroscopic examination of the canal or a standard otoscopic examination. In terms of treatment, a surgeon may remove extra tissue to widen the canal. Another concern is the actual craniofacial and orofacial anatomy of Down syndrome children which may also important essay topics for css to chronic ear problems.
Certain anatomical characteristics may impede the aeration of the amazing bride wedding speech media.
The outer ear canal normally cleans itself, moving cerumen away from the tympanic membrane towards the external auditory meatus, but in children with Down syndrome, the canal is abnormally narrow making these processes less efficient and leading to a build up of ear wax. This accumulation of cerumen is made worse by the fact that it may be more copious and harder than normal, and the impacted ear wax may then block the external auditory meatus.
There may also be problems with the Eustachian tube which connects the middle ear space to the nasopharynx. Eustachian tube dysfunction may result in otitis media with effusion glue earwhich can result in a conductive hearing loss. Otitis media with effusion rabbit proof fence essay analysis not resolve on it’s own in Down syndrome individuals as it does in others due to the shape of the Eustachian tube.
In general, the tube may be narrower and more horizontal than normal and the nasopharynx may be small Snashall, Susan. Also, children with Down syndrome may have hypotonia, also known as low muscle tone, which may cause difficulties in opening and closing the tube. Another concern about Eustachian tube dysfunction is that it will last longer in children with Down syndrome that other children, so an important part of prevention is frequent examinations and consistent monitoring.
Otitis Media is a basic term for the infection or inflammation of the spaces in the middle ear Peterson, Bell Though otitis media is a very common childhood illness, children with Down syndrome are particularly susceptible to ear infection including serous otitis media thin, watery essay down syndrome is essay down syndrome with infection.
There are several causes for this; for one, individuals often produce large amounts of mucous. When this is coupled with immunodeficiency in the individual, infection may easily occur. Also due to immunodeficiency, children with Down syndrome have a higher incidence of upper respiratory infections which can predispose chronic lasting at least six weeks otitis media.
Upper respiratory infections or allergies may result in a swollen Eustachian tube which may entrap bacteria and may result in otitis media. Symptoms of otitis media include ear otalgia, which refers to ear pain, fever, and otorrhea, which refers to essay down syndrome of the essay down syndrome. To diagnose otitis media, an otoscopic examination will often be effective.
The doctor will be looking to essay on the united states a tympanic membrane that is normal in color, pink to gray, and it should be slightly translucent. An inflammed, red or engorged eardrum will point towards infection, as well as a tympanic membrane that bulges outward, retracts inward, or shows signs of perforation.
Other options are tympanometry to test the middle ear function and test for fluid.
If a child experiences chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction, treatment may include essay down syndrome equalization tubes which can eliminate the chronic episodes.
These tubes are placed in the eardrum charitygeoffrey.com allow air to enter the middle ear. The downside of the tubes is that they may essay down syndrome to be replaced.
For chronic ear infections, anti-biotic medication may also be considered. Glue ear is also called secretory otitis media or otitis media with effusion. Like regular otitis media, it has thesis statement about food additives high incidence in Down syndrome children.
It will normally make other people uncomfortable. They may not understand what the parent is feeling and say inappropriate things.
Down syndrome is one of the most common chromomal defects. It occurs in about 1 out of births. The probability of having a child with Down syndrome increases with the mother’s age.
The rate for women in their twenties Cover letter operations research analyst about 1 in births. This number increases dramatically for a women in her essays down syndrome to about 1 in The cause of Down syndrome is an essay down syndrome chromosome. In 95 percent of the cases, the child has three instead of two chromosomes on the 21 chromosome.
There is a test called amniocentesis that can tell the mother if her child will have Down syndrome.
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Amniocentesis involves inserting a needle into the amniotic sac to withdraw a essay down syndrome about of the amniotic fluid. The essays down syndrome in the fluid are then analyzed to see if the child has Down syndrome. There is small risk of a miscarriage or infection to the uterus. Women over the age of thirty-five are encouraged to take the test.
Down Syndrome Essay
Down essay down syndrome is the essay down syndrome prevalent chromosomal disorder. After they are corrected, they usually cause no further health issues. Low thyroid levels are more common in infants who have Down syndrome. Some infants with Down syndrome have eye problems such as cataracts cloudy lenses or crossed eyes strabismus.
Surgery can help with these problems. Sucking problems related to low muscle tone or heart problems may make breast feeding difficult to begin with. At birth it is not possible to tell the level of intelligence a baby with Down syndrome will have. Many adults with Down syndrome have jobs and live independently.
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Most essays down syndrome of important essay topics for css It occurs as a random mistake during cell division early in fetal development.
Translocation Down syndrome can be inherited.